Unlike functionalists who defend the status quo, avoid social change, and believe people cooperate to effect social order, conflict theorists challenge the status quo, encourage social change even when this means social revolutionand believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and the weak.
The interactionist perspective tries to explain human behavior and human society by examining the ways that people interpret the actions of others and act in terms of meanings. Much faulty communication can result from differences in the perception of the same events and symbols. For example, under a functionalist point of view the newspaper deliverer and the sewer worker all contribute to the function of the entire unit, without serving these purposes, the social structure would not function properly.
Human organization is thus in a state of constant tension, with inequalities in social relationships creating conditions of conflict and change.
Not every part of society is said to be functional, however. The lower class must band together and fight the upper class if they want equal rights and suitable working conditions. The three main perspectives that are connected with family are: With its stress upon harmonious integration, functionalism never sees conflict as structural or internal to the social system.
A sociological approach in functionalism is the consideration of the relationship between the functions of smaller parts and the functions of the whole.
To conclude, I believe that both perspectives explain, and help us to understand, the way in which society functions. Conversation is an interaction of symbols between individuals who constantly interpret the world around them.
Even though these two theories oppose, they do have some similarities. Each part of society, like each organ in a human body, has some role to play in the overall health Such gender differences are less common in middle-class families, where men are better educated and more emotionally expressive than their working-class counterparts, but gender differences in communication still exist in these families.
If all goes well, the parts of society produce order, stability, and productivity. Under different circumstances, people behave differently. One reason for this is to ensure that infants have adequate emotional and practical care when they are born.
The New Language of Qualitative Method.
Conflicts erupt during interaction and conflict results when one part malfunctions. Some critics also take issue with functionalism's tendency to attribute needs to society. Second, low-income parents are much less likely to read and speak regularly to their infants and young children, who thus are slower to develop cognitive and reading skills; this problem in turn impairs their school performance when they enter elementary school.
Another criticism of Marx was that, what he wrote was very vague and open to interpretation, especially what would happen after a proletariat revolution.Compare and contrast the functionalist, conflict and th e interactionist perspectives on the purposes and expectations of education.
Describe each of the three theories relative to education. Describe the perspectives of each. Jan 03, · Compare & Contrast. Even though all three sociological perspectives help view society, each one has individual differences and similarities between each other.
Theoretically, both functionalism and the conflict theory are macro-sociological insights that widely comprehend society’s larger elements, such as institutions.
The conflict perspective, which originated primarily out of Karl Marx's writings on class struggles, presents society in a different light than do the functionalist and symbolic interactionist perspectives.
May 27, · The functionalist,conflict and interactionist perspectives are the major views employed by sociologists to analyze social phenomena.
Compare and contrast the approaches. FollowStatus: Resolved. Affect of functionalist, symbolic interactionist and conflict perspectives on lifestyle of the family and society as a whole.
Discussion According to Parson () the co-operation and stability of a society is based on the consensus value, which is a general agreement between the members of the society for the good and well-being of the.
Compare and contrast the functionalist, conflict and the interactionist perspectives on the purposes and expectations of education.
a. Describe each of the three theories relative to education. b.
Describe the perspectives of each. c. Describe the expectations of education in each of the theories. d. Provide minimally one comparison e.Download